Home Urdu - The Origin And History Of The Language

Friday27 May 2022

Urdu - The Origin And History Of The Language

The time period Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu which means camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in shut contact with one another and communicated in several dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into current day Urdu. It's for this reason that Urdu can also be referred to as Lashkari Zaban or language of the army.

During its development Urdu language additionally assumed various names like the term Urdu-e-Maullah meaning the exalted army which was given by Emperor Shah Jahan and the term Rekhta which means scattered (with Persian words) which was coined by the scholars for Urdu poetry.

History and Evolution of Urdu Language

Evolution and development of any language depends on the evolution and development of a society the place that language is spoken. Numerous invasions and conquests on a spot have an effect on the development of its language. Urdu isn't any exception as it also underwent various stages of development.

Urdu belongs to the Indo-Aryan family of languages. Urdu by origin is considered to be a descendent of Saur Senic Prakrit. The time period Prakrriti means root or basis. It is a later model of Sanskrit. As Prakrit language began to develop, it was influenced by Western Hindi dialects of Khari Boli, Brij Bhasa and Haryanvi.

With the coming of Insha's Darya-e-Latafat*, a necessity was felt to distinguish Urdu with different languages particularly Hindi. It grew to become a Hindi-Urdu controversy and because of this Khari Boli and Devanagari became the identity of Indians while Urdu and Persian of Muslims. In this context, Persian and Arabic words changed with Sanskrit served the aim of differentiating Hindi from Urdu.

Urdu emerged as a distinct language after 1193 AD - the time of the Muslims conquest. When the Muslims conquered this part of the continent, they made Persian the official and cultural language of India. As a result of the amalgamation of native dialects and the language of the invaders - which was either Persian, Arabic and Turkish, a new language developed which later grew to become Urdu. During the Mughals reign, Urdu was spoken in palaces and court and till the end of the Mughal rule; Urdu was the official language of most of Mughal states. This was the time when Urdu had become Persianized and enriched with Persian words, phrases and even script and grammar. With the coming of the British, new English words additionally turned part of the Urdu language. Many English words had been accepted in their real form while others had been accepted after some modifications.

Presently, Urdu vocabulary comprises approximately 70% of Persian words and the remainder are a mix of Arabic and Turkish words. Nevertheless, there are also traces of the French, Portuguese and Dutch language in Urdu. However these influences are little.

Urdu was taken to other parts of the country by soldiers, saints and sufis and by the frequent people. Because of the political, social and cultural contacts amongst the individuals of different speech and dialects, a combined form of language formed called 'Rekhta' (Urdu and Persian in combined form). Quickly people started to use the new language in their speech and in literature which resulted in the enrichment of Urdu language and literature.

Urdu Literature

The origin of Urdu literature dates back to the 13th century in India in the course of the Mughal rule. One of the eminent earliest poets who made usage of Urdu in his poetry is Amir Khusro who may be called the father of Urdu language. In literature, Urdu was usually used alongside side Persian. Mughal kings had been the nice patrons of artwork and literature and it was under their rule that Urdu language reached its zenith. There was a tradition of 'Sheri Mehfils' (poetic gatherings) within the kings' courts. Abul Fazal Faizi and Abdul Rahim Khankhana had been the well-known Urdu poets of Mughal court. Likewise, Mirza Ghalib, Allama Iqbal, Hakim Momin, Ibrahim Zauq, Mir Taqi Mir, Sauda, Ibn-e-Insha and Faiz Ahmed Faiz have contributed to the evolution of Urdu language through their literary works.

It is certainly true that Hindi and Urdu are descendents of the identical language i.e. Prakrit, however the place the Hindi took influence from Sanskrit and adopted Devanagri script of writing, Urdu absorbed words from Persian, Turkish and Arabic languages and adopted Persian-Arabic script and Nastaliq calligraphic model of writing and emerged as a separate language. But beside common ancestry, the two languages are as completely different as can be. There are marked grammatical, phonological and lexical variations in both languages.

Urdu was additionally used as a tool by the Muslims for freedom battle and for creating awareness amongst Muslim communities in South Asia to unite under the banner of Independence from British Raj. For this, providers of Maulana Hali, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and Allama Iqbal should notable, who through their poetry and prose provoked the required spark within the lives of the Muslims. Urdu was chosen to turn into the national language of Pakistan at the time of Independence from British. Urdu is now the national language of Pakistan, spoken and understood thoroughly by mainity of the population.

Should you loved this information and you wish to receive more info about meaning in urdu i implore you to visit our own webpage.

TERRA DI DANZA Associazione sportiva dilettantistica - Via Campobasso, 32 - Reggio Emilia - P.IVA 00761080357
Copyright © 2016 Terra di Danza. Tutti i diritti riservati. Developed by Media Mente and ERILab.com.